PEOPLE AND GOLD IN THE SIERRA NEVADA DE SANTA MARTA
The northwest of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta was occupied by groups of craftsmen, artisans and builders during periods Nahuange and Tairona. A tomb carved into the bay in 1922 identified Nahuange goldsmith of the same name, characterized by nose rings and pectoral hammered copper alloy and gold. From 200 A.D. Nahuange period people lived from fishing and agriculture in villages near the sea.
PEOPLE AND GOLD IN THE PLAINS OF THE CARIBBEAN
From 200 BC, chiefdoms farmers built a hydraulic system for 1300 years controlled flood plains in the warm Caribbean. The metaphor of tissue was present in the plot of the drainage canals, fishing nets, pottery and jewelry made of gold-rich alloys. Waterfowl, alligators, fish, cats and deer were food resources while elements essential for symbolic thought.
PEOPLE AND GOLD IN THE EASTERN MOUNTAINS
From 600 A.D. the Eastern Cordillera was gradually occupied by various peoples of the Chibcha linguistic family, originally from Central. The Europeans found in 1536 to the Muisca, Guanes, laches, chitareros and other groups that maintained economic, ritual and symbolic relations and were recognized as relatives
close. Bird-man pecs and ceramic múcuras indicate that shared worldview.
PEOPLE AND GOLD IN THE REGION CALIMA
The hills of the upper and middle river Calima and the flat part of the river Cauca, Valle del Cauca, retain vestiges of nearly 9,000 years of settlement. The ceramic pots farmers ilama period (1500-100 BC) is the physical appearance of people and their daily activities. Mythical creatures, mythical, which combine human, feline, amphibian, bat and snake, seek to appropriate strength, bravery, ferocity and agility of these animals.
PEOPLE AND GOLD IN MIDDLE CAUCA
Fortwomillenniabeforetheconquest,theMiddleCaucawasinhabited by farmers and miners of gold and salt, potters and goldsmiths. The gold of the early period (500 BC to 600 AD) shows iconic figures of leaders, men and women, as symbols of identity. The colors, brightness and shapes of pumpkins, ahuyamas, gourds and women alludedtofertility.Onepoporostandsor limecontainershapedlikea woman of high rank in ritual attitude.
PEOPLE AND GOLD IN THE VALLEY OF THE MAGDALENA
In the warm valley of the Magdalena River and the slopes of the Central and Eastern Cordilleras in northern Huila and Tolima, traces left by 16,000 years ago dedicated to hunting, fishing and gathering groups are.
Later, fish, lizards, crickets and fantastic creatures that combine features of various species were melted into gold. symmetrical Pendants man evoke different degrees of outlining, while men, bats andcatsaremergedintoacontinuumof transformations.Inachest found among Calarca, Quindio, the human body is limited to two dimensions and forms part of multiple symmetries, full of life for managing business Brightness and set of decorative motifs. The backs of the chairs funeral schematically show the human figure surrounded by amphibians and reptiles.
PEOPLE AND GOLD IN THE PACIFIC COAST
In the floodplains and mangroves of the Pacific Rim, between Esmeraldas in Ecuador and Buenaventura in Valle del Cauca, lived for a thousand years, between 700 BC and 350 A.D. societies of fishermen, farmers, sailors fruit pickers and hunters who sailed on the sea and worked metals. From the sands of the rivers they obtained gold and platinum transformed into delicate little ornaments as pendants, tiaras and ... nose rings or hooks. They built their houses on artificial platforms to protect them from flooding.
PEOPLE AND GOLD IN THE HIGH MAGDALENA
The Spaniards called the mountainous inland knots and deepest canyons in the northeastern department of Cauca, where they felt between mountains. Since 1000 B.C. lived there communities of farmers and potters.
MiddlePeriod(150BCto900AD)outfitscomewithluxurymetalobjects found in tombs of shaft and chamber; in contrast to the rich grave goods, few other graves contained pottery vessels. However, they are best known secondary burials or underground burial chambers hewn in hipogeos mountain peaks with shapes reminiscent of the dwellings of the living. In them pottery urns containing the exhumed bones of one or more individuals were placed. Anthropomorphic statues medium sized with features and naturalistic expressions are also carved. The current indigenous Paez reached Tierradentro after the Conquest.
PEOPLE AND GOLD IN THE HIGH CAUCA
In near Popayan found pectorals, pendants and pins of a characteristic style called Cauca. were created and used by companies close times to the Conquest and represent combinations of men, birds and amphibians that probably had religious significance.
PEOPLE AND GOLD IN THE HIGHLANDS OF NARIÑO
In the cold Andean highlands and valleys of the department of Nariño and northern Ecuador, inhabited agricultural societies, shepherds and merchants from 400 to 1600 AD In the deepest tombs of America have found two different types of grave goods, with exquisite emblems of power, suggesting that two groups coexisted rulers.
PEOPLE AND GOLD IN THE HIGH MAGDALENA
In the highlands of San Agustin and the Valley of La Plata, in the headwaters of the Magdalena River, from 1000 BC small Formative societies saw the emergence of social hierarchies.
In the Regional Classic, between 1 and 900 AD, the range and power religious leaders marched in building funerary monuments of stone statues carved in tuff volcanic. Although the use and accumulation of gold ornaments were not common among these leaders, some were buried with grave goods containing objects of gold. The gracefulness of a winged fish contrasts with the grandeur of the statues.